Sometimes you need a break from the hard boxes that take forever to pwn. Traverxec is an easy box that start with a custom vulnerable webserver with an unauthenticated RCE that we exploit to land an initial shell. After pivoting to another user by finding his SSH private key and cracking it, we get root through the less pager invoked by journalctl running as root through sudo.
We start with our basic portscan of the box and the attack surface seems pretty limited as we only have a webserver running and the SSH daemon. Easy boxes often have vulnerabilities that are easily exploited through off-the-self exploit on Exploit-DB. We note here that the Server header returned is
nostromo 1.9.6, not Apache or Nginx.
Exploiting Nostromo’s webserver
The website is a simple static webpage template. There’s a contact form at the bottom of the page but it’s not doing anything.
Looking at the Exploit-DB database, we see there’s an exploit matching the exact version we saw earlier on the nmap scan.
The box has the netcat version with the -e flag so we can get a reverse shell that way.
Obtaining SSH keys for user David
Looking at the nostromo configuration, we see that home directories are enabled so local users on the box probably have a
/public_www directory in their home folder.
Looking at David’s home directory, we can see that we don’t have access to the directory itself but if we go one level deeper to
public_www then we see that the webserver has access to it. Since the webserver is running as the
www-data user, it makes sense that this user would have access to the directory hosting the webpage files for users.
That backup ssh file looks promising so we’ll copy this to our machine with netcat, extract it and then we see it contains the private and public SSH keys. The private key is encrypted so we’ll have to crack it.
Using John and the rockyou wordlists, we’re able to find that the password is
We can now log in to the server as user
david with his RSA private key.
server-stats.sh file in David’s
bin folder that sudo runs the
journalctl command to view the last 5 log entries for the nostromo service.
Looking at GTFOBins, we can see that the journalctl command can be used to execute arbitrary commands since it uses the
To exploit this, we must make the pager pause before listing the 5 entries in the log file, so we can type
!/bin/sh and get a root shell. There’s a couple of way to do this.
By resizing with Gnome Terminator windows manually, I can force the stty rows to be updated.
Or we can also resize the width of the terminal, this’ll make less pause as well
Finally, we can also set the stty rows manually like this: