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P.O.O. - Hack The Box

Professional Offensive Operations (P.O.O.) was the first endgame lab released by Hack The Box. It contained five different flags spread across two Windows machines. The initial part required some tricky recon with ds_store and IIS short names to find a MSSQL DB connection string. We then had to pivot by abusing the trust between MSSQL linked servers. The lab also had kerberoasting, password cracking, mimikatz and attack path enumeration with Bloodhound in it.

Resolute - Hack The Box

We start Resolute with enumeration of the domain user accounts using an anonymous bind session to the LDAP server and find an initial password in the description field of one of the account. Password spraying the password against all the discovered accounts give us an initial shell then we pivot to another user after finding creds in a console history file. The priv esc is pretty cool: we’re in the DNS admins group so we can reconfigure the DNS service to run an arbitrary DLL as SYSTEM.

Obscurity - Hack The Box

The Obscurity box has a vulnerable Python web application running. After finding the source code from a secret directory we find that the exec call can be command injected to get a shell as www-data. Then we have to solve a simple crypto challenge to retrieve an encryption key that decrypts a file containing the robert user’s password. We finally get root by exploiting a race condition in a python script so that we can copy the /etc/shadow file and crack the root password.

OpenAdmin - Hack The Box

OpenAdmin is an easy box that starts with using an exploit for the OpenNetAdmin software to get initial RCE. Then we get credentials from the database config and can re-use them to connect by SSH. We then find another web application with an hardcoded SHA512 hash in the PHP code for the login page. After cracking it we’re able to log in and obtain an encrypted SSH key that we have to crack. After getting one more shell, we can run nano as root with sudo and spawn a shell as root.

Control - Hack The Box

Control runs a vulnerable PHP web application that controls access to the admin page by checking the X-Forwarded-For HTTP header. By adding the X-Forwarded-For HTTP header with the right IP address we can access the admin page and exploit an SQL injection to write a webshell and get RCE. After pivoting to another user with the credentials found in the MySQL database, we get SYSTEM access by modifying an existing service configuration from the registry.

Mango - Hack The Box

Mango was a medium box with a NoSQSL injection in the login page that allows us to retrieve the username and password. The credentials we retrieve through the injection can be used to SSH to the box. For privilege escalation, the jjs tool has the SUID bit set so we can run scripts as root.

Traverxec - Hack The Box

Sometimes you need a break from the hard boxes that take forever to pwn. Traverxec is an easy box that start with a custom vulnerable webserver with an unauthenticated RCE that we exploit to land an initial shell. After pivoting to another user by finding his SSH private key and cracking it, we get root through the less pager invoked by journalctl running as root through sudo.

Registry - Hack The Box

This writeup is outdated and the attack path presented for user bolt has been patched. Initially once we pivoted from the bolt user to www-data we could run restic as root and abuse the sftp.command parameter to execute any command as root.

Sniper - Hack The Box

Sniper is another box I got access to through an unintended method. The PHP application wasn’t supposed to be exploitable through Remote File Inclusion but because it runs on Windows, we can use UNC path to include a file from an SMB share. Once I had a shell, I pivoted using plink and logged in as user Chris with WinRM. The box author was nice enough to leave hints as to what kind of malicious payload was expected and I used Nishang to generate a CHM payload and get Administrator access.