Recent Posts

Control - Hack The Box

Control runs a vulnerable PHP web application that controls access to the admin page by checking the X-Forwarded-For HTTP header. By adding the X-Forwarded-For HTTP header with the right IP address we can access the admin page and exploit an SQL injection to write a webshell and get RCE. After pivoting to another user with the credentials found in the MySQL database, we get SYSTEM access by modifying an existing service configuration from the registry.

Mango - Hack The Box

Mango was a medium box with a NoSQSL injection in the login page that allows us to retrieve the username and password. The credentials we retrieve through the injection can be used to SSH to the box. For privilege escalation, the jjs tool has the SUID bit set so we can run scripts as root.

Traverxec - Hack The Box

Sometimes you need a break from the hard boxes that take forever to pwn. Traverxec is an easy box that start with a custom vulnerable webserver with an unauthenticated RCE that we exploit to land an initial shell. After pivoting to another user by finding his SSH private key and cracking it, we get root through the less pager invoked by journalctl running as root through sudo.

Registry - Hack The Box

This writeup is outdated and the attack path presented for user bolt has been patched. Initially once we pivoted from the bolt user to www-data we could run restic as root and abuse the sftp.command parameter to execute any command as root.

Sniper - Hack The Box

Sniper is another box I got access to through an unintended method. The PHP application wasn’t supposed to be exploitable through Remote File Inclusion but because it runs on Windows, we can use UNC path to include a file from an SMB share. Once I had a shell, I pivoted using plink and logged in as user Chris with WinRM. The box author was nice enough to leave hints as to what kind of malicious payload was expected and I used Nishang to generate a CHM payload and get Administrator access.

Forest - Hack The Box

Forest is a nice easy box that go over two Active Directory misconfigurations / vulnerabilities: Kerberos Pre-Authentication (disabled) and ACLs misconfiguration. After I retrieve and cracked the hash for the service account I used aclpwn to automate the attack path and give myself DCsync rights to the domain.

Postman - Hack The Box

Postman was a somewhat frustrating box because we had to find the correct user directory where to write our SSH key using the unprotected Redis instance. I expected to be able to use a wordlist to scan through /home and find a valid user but on this box the redis user was configured with a valid login shell so I had to guess that and write my SSH key to /var/lib/redis/.ssh instead. The rest of the box was pretty straightforward, crack some SSH private key then pop a root shell with a Webmin CVE.

Bankrobber - Hack The Box

Bankrobber is a web app box with a simple XSS and SQL injection that we have to exploit in order to get the source code of the application and discover a command injection vulnerability in the backdoor checker page that’s only reachable from localhost. By using the XSS to make a local request to that page, we can get land a shell on the box. To get root, we exploit a buffer in an application to override the name of the binary launched by the program.

Zetta - Hack The Box

Zetta is another amazing box by jkr. The first part was kinda tricky because you had to pay attention to the details on the webpage and spot the references to IPv6 that lead you to the EPTR command to disclose the IPv6 address of the server. Then there’s some light bruteforcing of rsync’s credentials with a custom bruteforce script and finally a really cool SQL injection in a syslog PostgreSQL module.

JSON - Hack The Box

To get remote code execution on JSON, I exploited a deserialization vulnerability in the web application using the formatter. After getting a shell I could either get a quick SYSTEM shell by abusing SeImpersonatePrivileges with Juicy Potato or reverse the Sync2FTP application to decrypt its configuration and find the superadmin user credentials.